Baby Names

Baby Name Pondering: Jessabelle

Australian Actress Sarah Snook, who plays Jessabelle in the movie ‘Jessabelle

I did have a different post in mind but then I realised that – lo and
behold – it’s October already! And the tradition here at Baby Name Pondering is
that only names with a Halloween-ish connection be featured during the month of
December, and so I bring you Jessabelle.
Jessabelle‘ is a horror/thriller movie released in 2014 about a woman (named
Jessabelle, of course) who, after losing her husband and unborn child in a car
accident that has also left her temporarily wheelchair bound, returns to her
childhood home to be cared for by her estranged father. She feels ill at ease
in the old Louisiana home though, and soon realises that she is being targeted by an evil
spirit. I won’t say much more than that in case anyone hasn’t seen it and would
like to, but it’s worth checking out if you are a fan of supernatural horror

About the name though. Jessabelle suffers from the same problem that I
feel Annaleigh 
(and Auraleigh for that matter) does. It’s quite a pretty name, which could easily be mistaken
for a modern mash-up of two fairly popular names to create a lovely
feminine-but-not-too-frilly result. But given more than five minutes
consideration, a major drawback appears. For Annaleigh and Auraleigh it’s the resemblance to other words with sexual connotations when
spoken aloud and fast. For Jessabelle it’s because she sounds so much like the
name Jezebel when said aloud – a name that has negative sexual connotations of
its’ own.

In fact, many websites say that Jessabelle is a variant of Jezebel. I’m not so sure how true that actually is though. It’s very possible it’s simply a modern invention which has resulted from people smooshing Jessica and Isabelle together without noticing it’s similarity
to Jezebel at all. The data supports this too. Jessabelle first shows on the US charts in 2011 (given to
just 5 girls that year), which comes at a time when people would have been
looking for less common alternatives to the wildly popular Isabella, which was
#1 in 2009 and 2010, and Isabelle, which peaked at #79 in the US in 2007. So this definitely seems like the more likely explanation.
If we were to say it is a variant of Jezebel though, then let’s consider why
popular opinion is against naming your daughter anything resembling Jezebel. Jezebel
is a Hebrew name, said to mean ‘not exalted’ in most sources; or ‘wicked, impure’
by others. It is the Biblical Jezebel that gives this name her bad reputation. She
was a Queen of Israel who turned her husband King Ahab away from the worship of
God and towards other deities. For this (and other many other things she did in
the pursuit of this) she was thrown out of a window to her death. Although she
was at first simply associated with false prophets, she later became synonymous
with the image of ‘fallen women’. It is said that when she knew men were coming
to put her to death, she dressed in her finest clothes, adorned herself in
jewels and painted herself in makeup to symbolise her royal, queenly status.
However this image of Jezebel in her finery is now associated with ‘painted
women’ – women who seduce men into immoral acts. Even the dictionary now gives the meaning for Jezebel as “a woman who is regarded as evil and
scheming” or “a wicked, shameless woman”.
However the tide may be staring to turn somewhat for Jezebel. Some see
her instead as a symbol of female strength and power, particularly helped by
feminist pop-culture blog Unfortunately going into the ways in
which patriarchal structures are perpetuated by portraying strong, feminine
women as evil and leading to the downfall of “good” men merely by virtue of
their sexuality is not a discussion I can really do justice to within a blog
about baby names. Let’s just say that personally, I can see merit to reclaiming
the name and rewriting its’ common association with more positive ones.
Which leads me to an interesting little fact – despite seeing people online
providing well meaning advice to people considering the name Jessabelle to
avoid it because of it’s similarity to Jezebel, the name Jezebel is actually
used more than Jessabelle. Jezebel first charted in the US in 1980.
It is definitely not popular by any means, but in 2015 was given to 24 girls,
as opposed to Jessabelle, which was given to 19 girls, or even Jessabel, given
to just 5 girls (and entering the charts for the first time in 2015). Personally
I think Jessabelle is much prettier, and that small step away spelling-wise
makes it an attractive alternative.
Jessabelle reads like a sweet southern belle, and just slightly princess-y, which often delights young girls. If anything the Jezebel association helps give it a little edge, something of a Southern Gothic feel (which is also a good way to describe the movie). The movie character goes by the nickname Jessie, but the more streamlined Jess or Belle/Bella are also options. My personal pick would be Jessa though. Jessa feels so girly and sunny to me, which I think is also a big part of the reason why I find Jessabelle so appealing. 

If you’re brave and willing to ignore (or embrace) the similarity in sound to Jezebel, Jessabelle could be a winner. Combining the much loved elements that have made the names Jessica and Isabelle extremely popular, a young Jessabelle would fit in with her peers yet stand out as just that little bit different.

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